Washington University in St. Louis
Campus Box 1137
One Brookings Drive
St. Louis, MO 63130-4899
DBBS graduate programs Neurosciences Program
- Spinal Cord Control of Limb Movement
- Scratch Reflex in Turtles
- Central Pattern Generators
I participate in the following graduate programs:
- Neurosciences Doctoral Program in the Division of Biology and Biomedical Sciences
- Movement Sciences Doctoral Program
- Philosophy Neuroscience Psychology Doctoral Program
My teaching interests are Physiological Control Systems, Neuroethology, and Motor Systems Neuroscience. I am the coursemaster of Biology 181, Freshman Seminar in Biology. I am an academic advisor for Washington University undergraduates with a major in the Neuroscience Track of the Biology Major.
Photo caption: I am a co-editor of the 2010 volume titled Neurons and Networks in the Spinal Cord, published in the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.
Stein PSG, Daniels-McQueen S, Lai J, Liu Z, Corman TS (2016) Modular organization of the multipartite central pattern generator for turtle rostral scratch: knee-related interneurons during deletions. J Neurophysiol 115: 3130-3139.
Stein PSG (2013) Molecular, genetic, cellular, and network functions in the spinal cord and brainstem. Ann NY Acad Sci 1279: 1-12.
Stein PSG (2010) Alternation of agonists and antagonists during turtle hindlimb motor rhythms. Ann NY Acad Sci 1198:105-118.
Stein PSG (2008) Motor pattern deletions and modular organization of turtle spinal cord. Brain Res Rev 57:118-124.
Stein PSG (2005) Neuronal control of turtle hindlimb motor rhythms. J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol 191:213-229.
Stein PSG, Daniels-McQueen S (2004) Variations in motor patterns during fictive rostral scratching in the turtle: knee-related deletions. J Neurophysiol 91:2380-2384.
Stein PSG, Daniels-McQueen S (2003) Timing of knee-related spinal neurons during fictive rostral scratching in the turtle. J Neurophysiol 90:3585-3593.
Stein PSG, Daniels-McQueen S (2002) Modular organization of turtle spinal interneurons during normal and deletion fictive rostral scratching. J Neurosci 22:6800-6809.
Earhart GM, Stein PSG (2000) Step, swim, and scratch motor patterns in the turtle. J Neurophysiol 84: 2181-2190.
Earhart GM, Stein PSG (2000) Scratch-swim hybrids in the spinal turtle: blending of rostral scratch and forward swim. J Neurophysiol 83: 156-165.
Stein PSG (1999) Central pattern generators and interphyletic awareness. Prog Brain Res 123: 259-271.
Stein PSG, McCullough ML, Currie SN (1998) Spinal motor patterns in the turtle. Ann NY Acad Sci 860:142-154.
Stein PSG, McCullough ML, Currie SN (1998) Reconstruction of flexor/extensor alternation during fictive rostral scratching by two-site stimulation in the spinal turtle with a transverse spinal hemisection. J Neurosci 18: 467-479.
Stein PSG, McCullough ML (1998) An example of 2:1 interlimb coordination during fictive rostral scratching in the spinal turtle. J Neurophysiol 79: 1132-1134.
Field EC, Stein PSG (1997) Spinal cord coordination of hindlimb movements in the turtle: intralimb temporal relationships during scratching and swimming. J Neurophysiol 78:1394-1403.
Field EC, Stein PSG (1997) Spinal cord coordination of hindlimb movements in the turtle: interlimb temporal relationships during bilateral scratching and swimming. J Neurophysiol 78:1404-1413.
Stein PSG, Smith JL (1997) Neural and biomechanical control strategies for different forms of vertebrate hindlimb motor tasks. In: Neurons, Networks, and Motor Behavior (Stein PSG, Grillner S, Selverston AI, Stuart DG, eds), pp 61-73. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Stein PSG, Victor JC, Field EC, Currie SN (1995) Bilateral control of hindlimb scratching in the spinal turtle: contralateral spinal circuitry contributes to the normal ipsilateral motor pattern of fictive rostral scratching. J Neurosci 15:4343-4355.
Berkowitz A, Stein PSG (1994) Activity of descending propriospinal axons in the turtle hindlimb enlargement during two forms of fictive scratching: broad tuning to regions of the body surface. J Neurosci 14:5089-5104.
Berkowitz A, Stein PSG (1994) Activity of descending propriospinal axons in the turtle hindlimb enlargement during two forms of fictive scratching: phase analyses. J Neurosci 14:5105-5119.
Berkowitz A, Stein PSG (1994) Descending propriospinal axons in the hindlimb enlargement of the red-eared turtle: cells of origin and funicular courses. J Comp Neurol 346:321-336.
Daw N, Stein PSG, Fox K (1993) The role of NMDA receptors in information processing. Annu Rev Neurosci 16:207-222.
Currie SN, Stein PSG (1992) Glutamate antagonists applied to midbody spinal cord segments reduce the excitability of the fictive rostral scratch reflex in the turtle. Brain Res 581:91-100.
Currie SN, Stein PSG (1990) Cutaneous stimulation evokes long-lasting excitation of spinal interneurons in the turtle. J Neurophysiol 64:1134-1148.
Stein PSG (1989) Spinal cord circuits for motor pattern selection in the turtle. Ann NY Acad Sci 563:1-10.
Mortin LI, Stein PSG (1989) Spinal cord segments containing key elements of the central pattern generators for three forms of scratch reflex in the turtle. J Neurosci 9:2285-2296.
Stein PSG, Schild CP (1989) N-methyl-D-aspartate antagonist applied to the spinal cord hindlimb enlargement reduces the amplitude of flexion reflex in the turtle. Brain Res 479:379-383.
Currie SN, Stein PSG (1988) Electrical activation of the pocket scratch central pattern generator in the turtle. J Neurophysiol 60:2122-2137.
Robertson GA, Stein PSG (1988) Synaptic control of hindlimb motoneurones during three forms of the fictive scratch reflex in the turtle. J Physiol (London) 404:101-128.
Stein PSG, Camp AW, Robertson GA, Mortin LI (1986) Blends of rostral and caudal scratch reflex motor patterns elicited by simultaneous stimulation of two sites in the spinal turtle. J Neurosci 6:2259-2266.
Stein PSG, Mortin LI, Robertson GA (1986) The forms of a task and their blends. In: Neurobiology of Vertebrate Locomotion (Grillner S, Stein PSG, Stuart DG, Forssberg H, Herman RM, eds), pp 201-216.London: Macmillan Press.
Mortin LI, Keifer J, Stein PSG (1985) Three forms of the scratch reflex in the spinal turtle: movement analyses. J Neurophysiol 53:1501-1516.
Robertson GA, Mortin LI, Keifer J, Stein PSG (1985) Three forms of the scratch reflex in the spinal turtle: central generation of motor patterns. J Neurophysiol 53:1517-1534.
Stein PSG (1984) Central pattern generators in the spinal cord. In: Handbook of the Spinal Cord, Vols. 2 and 3: Anatomy and Physiology (Davidoff RA, ed), pp 647-672.New York: Marcel Dekker.
Stein PSG (1983) The vertebrate scratch reflex. Symp Soc Exp Biol 37:383-403.
Stein PSG (1978) Motor systems, with specific reference to the control of locomotion. Annu Rev Neurosci 1:61-81.
Stein PSG (1976) Mechanisms of interlimb phase control. In: Neural Control of Locomotion (Herman RM, Grillner S, Stein PSG, Stuart DG, eds), pp 465-487. New York: Plenum Press.